How to Drill a Well on Your Property

How To Drill a Well

If you own a property or farm outside of city limits, a water well may be just what you need to stay hydrated. While it may take some time and effort to get the project rolling, it can be a very cost effective strategy. Learning how to drill a well may seem like a daunting task, but getting the other necessary components in place is much easier today than similar projects were in the past.


Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to drill and install a well on your land property.


Step 1: Locate Water

Local authorities associated with agriculture usually have detailed information concerning where the groundwater is located in your state. Typically, these are referred to as hydrologic atlases. Depending on the data collected in your geographic area, you may be able to find older wells that already exist on your property.


Step 2: Drill the Well

Once you have a general idea of where water is on your property, the next step is to hire someone who can help you with drilling a well. Typically, this will involve hiring a contractor with drilling equipment. Hopefully, they will not need to drill too far or deal with a considerable amount of rock.


Step 3: Check for Contamination

When you drill your well, you will want to have the water tested for bacteria and other bio-hazardous contamination. An essential step to having a successful well for the long term is to ensure that it does not become flooded by surface rainwater, septic tank runoff or groundwater contamination.


Step 4: Have a Specialist Fix Problems

Problems with surface water entering your groundwater can be evident when the water is cloudy or muddy and disinfectants need to be used. Well specialists such as National can help you find the best remedies for your well if you have problems. They can also make sure that you have all of the accompanying septic tanks, electrical pump motors and seals in place.



Ever installed a water well on your land property? Let us know in the comments below or on our social channels!


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Photo Credit: flickr | AbhijeetRane




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My parents used to live on a property with a well. You make a great point about how you need to check your well's water for contamination to ensure that it stays safe. My parent's well water had high levels of sulfur in it. They had to treat their water to make it safe for drinking. Make sure to get your water tested on a regular basis.

~Alex Trodder

Thanks for stopping by Alex and for the good feedback on this article.


Well for starters, you should locate the water. If I was going to do this on my own property, I would see about getting it done by a professional. They would be able to drill the well with their own equipment. Like you said, it's usually done by a contractor.

~Andy Harrison

I would love to find wells that are already on my property, or my parents farm. That would be so useful. I think it makes plenty of sense to test the water to make sure it's safe to drink.

~Nash Rich

I like the recommendation to locate the area with the most water in the property. This could be a good way of maximizing the output of the well, as I wouldn't want to have not enough water. I'll have to keep this in mind when looking to have a well drilled in my yard.

~Tyler Meredith

A drilling work is what my father and I would be doing later today. Our plan is to drill a water well in my backyard. It seems like we might need some tools to do the drilling, but what kind of tools?

~Andre Beluchi

I had no idea that you had to have your water tested for bacteria when drilling a well. A friend of mine has a well that he uses, and they are constantly having it checked. I never realized that it was for bacteria, I will have to ask him how he does it.

~Gregory Willard

My friend lives pretty far away, and he was thinking about having a well dug on his land. It's interesting that you have to check for contamination after you have already drilled. I would have assumed that you did it before the well is dug. Thanks for the information!

~Shad Morris

I thought that step one was particularly wise. I can imagine when you are drilling for a water well, it would be important to locate ground water. I also like the point about checking for contamination!

~Jay Jorgenson

After my well is drilled, what is the best way to make sure it is not flooded with water runoff? Is it as simple as digging my well at a high spot in my yard? If so, I shouldn't have too much of a problem finding a good spot to drill, I just hope that those spots are good places for a well.

~James Bergman

Hello James and great question and your solution sounds logical to me; however I would want to check w/a well-driller expert to be sure. Best of luck to you and thanks for stopping by the blog :)


I know many people say that well water tastes different but I have never noticed that before. Also, I think it is worth it! They add value to your home even though they require maintenance. And you can know exactly where your water is coming from and the quality of it as well. http://www.hudsonvalleydrilling.com/services

~Pam Lassila

A lot of homes that live outside of city limits need the help of a well to be able to get the water that they need for their home. Like you said, the first step is finding where the water is. After that, you have to start to drill for water. If you live close to the water source the well won't have to be very deep. However, in most cases, the water is so far away that it takes hundreds of feet of digging to get to the water. In that case, it would be very beneficial to contact a professional company to drill the well for you.

~Dave Anderson

It's interesting that you'll need to check for contamination after drilling the well. It makes sense that it would be helpful to do this to ensure there aren't any dangerous minerals or substances in the source of water. I'll have to remember this just to make sure things like septic leakage doesn't get in.

~James Hobusch

I didn't realize that you need to hire a contractor with drilling equipment if you want to drill a well on your property. With that information, I think I should start saving money and looking into the agricultural specialists for my city. We will start looking into well drilling services so that we can have fresh water from our land rather than the city.

~Sarah Smith

My sister would like to save money on her water bill by drilling a water well on her property. She has six children, so they tend to go through a lot of water every month. I will suggest that she follow your steps of locating the water, hiring a company to drill the water well, and checking for contamination.

~Sarah Jean

My cousin would like to save money by drilling a well on their property. Your information sounds like it would be very useful to them. I will suggest they read your article before finding a quality water well installation service.

~Sarah Smith

Thanks for explaining that well water will need to be checked for bacteria or other contamination. I wonder if this should be done regularly. In my opinion, it would probably be safest to do so because you don't know when a septic system might break and contaminate your water.

~Jean Taylor

You made a great point about checking for contamination after a well is drilled since it will be essential for the assurance that the well lasts a long time. I believe that's one of the most important reasons why water well drilling needs to be done with the help of professionals who are specifically equipped for such tasks. Having a water well in my rural property would sure be helpful in irrigating a farm that my husband and I are planning on starting to cultivate.

~Alice Carroll

Thank you for this guide on how to drill a well in one's property! I find it interesting to learn that there are specific contractors who can do the well drilling for you. My uncle recently moved to the countryside and he figured that he'll need water well since tap water does not taste as what he expected it to be. I should share this with him so he'll be familiarized with the water well process.

~Zachary Tomlinson

Thanks for your step-by-step guide on how to drill a well on a property. I have been looking for ways on how to save water bills, and I just knew upon doing my research that this is what homeowners usually do. I had no idea that in order to have a successful well, I must ensure that it is free from contamination. With that said, I shall then find well-drilling services to help me with the drilling.

~Victoria Addington

My wife and I would like to have a well drilled on our property but we don't even know where to place it. It was really helpful when you explained that it is a good idea to find a hydrologic atlas that can inform you are geographic data. A local drilling contractor would probably be able to help us find a hydrologic atlas that can help us out.

~Thomas Clarence

It's great when you mentioned hiring a reliable company that has the right equipment to do the drilling work. My father is planning to have a well in our backyard since he read somewhere that the water from it is good for health. I will tell him to find a water well installation company that is experienced and has the right drilling machine to do the work.

~Taylor Hicken

Thank you for sharing to hire a reliable contractor that has the drilling equipment to get your well built. My father is planning to start a farm once he retires and he wants to drill a water well so it can be easier for him to have a large amount of water supply. I will suggest him to find the right location at where he wants it to be first then only hire a reliable contractor to drill it for him.

~Taylor Hicken

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